Everyone loves fun in the sun, but we also know that too much sun may cause skin damage. Did you also know that UV rays can also damage the eyes?
The most common effects of UV rays on the eyes include photokeratitis, cataracts, and increased macular degeneration.
Photokeratitis is like a sunburn of the cornea and conjunctiva and can cause pain, redness, sensitivity to light, a gritty sensation, swelling, and headache.
Cataracts, on the other hand, are the clouding of the lenses in your eye. Long term sun exposure can contribute to the development of cataracts which can lead to obstructed and blurry vision that can only be corrected with surgery.
Lastly, UV rays have been linked to an increase in macular degeneration, which is a leading cause of vision loss in older adults. This condition will affect the central part of the retina, causing a loss of accurate and central vision.
To ensure the best possible protection for your eyes from UV rays, it is important to stay away from the sun during peak hours, wear sunglasses that block 100% of both UVA-UVB rays, and if possible, use a wide brimmed hat to help avoid direct sun light exposure.