Allergies are a common phenomenon that affect people of all ages. Allergies occur when the body’s immune system reacts to foreign substances. Some of these substances are harmless, such as pollen, certain foods, or common medications, for example.
The symptoms of allergies can range from minor discomfort to severe reactions that can sometimes be life threatening.
Some of the most common types of allergies include allergic rhinitis, food allergies, insect sting allergies, and drug allergies. These symptoms may include itching, sneezing, coughing, hives, and even anaphylaxis.
Allergies can be diagnosed through medical history, a physical examination, and allergy testing. Once allergies are diagnosed, it is important to avoid exposure to allergens whenever possible. This is to avoid the chance of your body having a strong acute or even lethal reaction against its own cells and tissues.
Treatments for allergies can include medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and corticosteroids. For severe emergency cases, epinephrine injections may also be used.
Overall, allergies can be a difficult condition to live with, but with proper care and management, it is possible to live a healthy life and keep allergies at bay.